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Probiotic Mechanisms of Action
Probiotics modes of action focusing on how gut microbes influence the host are explored, with a clear understanding of these mechanisms allowing for appropriate probiotic strain selection for specific applications and may uncover novel probiotic functions.
Sources, isolation, characterisation and evaluation of probiotics
There is mounting evidence for a potential role for probiotics in the treatment of allergies and intestinal, liver and metabolic diseases and the ability to examine fully sequenced genomes has accelerated the application of genetic approaches to elucidate the functional roles of probiotics.
Wholegrain cereals and bread: a duet of the Mediterranean diet for the prevention of chronic diseases
The regular intake of wholegrain cereals can contribute to reduction of risk factors related to non-communicable chronic diseases and protection against the risk of colorectal cancer and polyps, other cancers of the digestive tract, cancers related to hormones and pancreatic cancer has been associated with the regular consumption of whoLegrain Cereals and derived products.
Introduction to the double burden of undernutrition and excess weight in Latin America.
The observed prevalence of the double burden with the expected prevalence under the assumption that the 2 conditions are uncorrelated was significantly lower than the expected value, indicating lower risk of stunting in children,5 y or of overweight or obesity in women in households in which the other condition was present.
Reported Dietary Intake and Food Sources of Zinc, Selenium, and Vitamins A, E and C in the Spanish Population: Findings from the ANIBES Study †
There is an elevated percentage of the Spanish ANIBES population not meeting the EFSA recommended intakes for all analysed micronutrients: zinc (83%), vitamin A (60%), vitamin E (80%), vitamin C (36%) and selenium (25%).
Effects of Sweeteners on the Gut Microbiota: A Review of Experimental Studies and Clinical Trials
ABSTRACT The consumption of sugar-free foods is growing because of their low-calorie content and the health concerns about products with high sugar content. Sweeteners that are frequently several
Modulation of immunity and inflammatory gene expression in the gut, in inflammatory diseases of the gut and in the liver by probiotics.
A systematic review of the probiotic-mediated modulation of gene expression that is associated with the immune system and inflammation and the regulation of immunity and inflammatory gene expression in the gut, in inflammatory diseases of the gut and in the liver is performed.
Is adipose tissue metabolically different at different sites?
This review focuses on metabolic differences of adipose tissue at different sites of the body, with emphasis in pediatrics, and investigates various approaches of BAT and SWAT transplantation, including new sources of adipocyte progenitors.
Vitamin D: Classic and Novel Actions
In addition to classic actions related to mineral homeostasis, vitamin D has novel actions in cell proliferation and differentiation, regulation of the innate and adaptative immune systems, preventive effects on cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, and even antiaging effects.
Altered signalling and gene expression associated with the immune system and the inflammatory response in obesity
The present paper will focus on the molecular mechanisms linking obesity and inflammation with emphasis on the alteration of signalling and gene expression in adipose cell components.