Learn More
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasingly considered a heterogeneous condition. It was hypothesised that COPD, as currently defined, includes different clinically relevant subtypes. METHODS To identify and validate COPD subtypes, 342 subjects hospitalised for the first time because of a COPD exacerbation were recruited. Three(More)
PURPOSE Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes can influence response to radiotherapy. We analyzed single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in nine DNA repair genes in 108 patients with head-and-neck cancer (HNSCC) who had received radiotherapy only. METHODS AND MATERIALS From May 1993 to December 2004, patients with Stage I and II histopathologically confirmed(More)
BACKGROUND The potential role of decreased respiratory muscle mass, if any, in mediating the susceptibility to exacerbation in COPD patients has not been determined. We hypothesized that a decrease in respiratory muscle mass is associated with increased risk of multiple hospital admissions due to acute exacerbations of the disease. METHODS Eligible cases(More)
BACKGROUND Occupational exposure to dusts, gases and fumes has been associated with reduced FEV1 and sputum production in COPD patients. The effect of occupational exposure on other characteristics of COPD, especially those reflecting emphysema, has not been studied in these patients. METHODS We studied 338 patients hospitalized for a first exacerbation(More)
The last decade has seen substantial progress in the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to lung cancer, thus meaning that its prognosis has improved. The Spanish Society of Medical Radiology and the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology have therefore produced a national consensus statement to make recommendations for radiological diagnosis and assessment of(More)
We report a case of pleural effusion, pericardial thickening, and pulmonary involvement in a patient with dry cough, dyspnea, edema, and changes in the skin of the lower limbs. Treatment with cabergoline (Sogilen) had been started 4 months earlier. Pleural effusion, pericardial thickening, and impaired pulmonary function (airflow obstruction, increased(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this article are to review the imaging findings of left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) at echocardiography, cardiac MRI, and MDCT; to discuss diagnostic criteria for and the advantages and limitations of these imaging techniques; and to describe pitfalls that can lead to misinterpretation of findings of LVNC. CONCLUSION LVNC(More)
Chest ultrasonography is a useful tool for assessing disease activity in the peripheral lung parenchyma, pleura, chest wall, diaphragm, and mediastinum. Ultrasound imaging also provides highly useful guidance in invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The main advantages of this imaging technology are the absence of ionizing radiation and the(More)
Fig. 1. Radiograph (A) and computed tomography (B, C) of the chest in which the sarcoma-axillary level right humerus (orange star) mass in the left lung (white arrow), several solid nodules (orange arrows) are visualized and cavitation (blue arrows) and mild bilateral pneumothorax (blue stars). A male patient, 38 years of age, with history of synovial(More)
INTRODUCTION Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is a bronchoscopic technique that has been shown to be useful for sampling enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. The yield of this technique can be increased by using endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) to guide needle placement. The aim of the present study was to compare the yield of radial EBUS-guided TBNA to(More)